The Cathedral and the Bazaar:
Musings on Linux and Open Source
by Eric S. Raymond
review by Ken Dyke
This is a collection of a number of essays written by esr concerning hacker culture (traditional definition of "hacker") and the open source development model.
The origins of hacker culture are traced in "A Brief History of Hackerdom". The various threads that have woven together to become today's FOSS movement are described.
The Cathedral and the Bazaar describes the dynamics of the open source development model. Using the author's fetchmail project as a case study. It was this essay that proposed "given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow".
Homesteading the Noosphere explores the day to day customs as practiced by members of this culture.
The Magic Cauldron lets some air out of myths regarding software development. Then proposes nine models for sustainable, stable open source project development.
esr then looks to the future in The Revenge of the Hackers.
Conclusion: This is not required reading but it does provide a lot of background on how we got to where we are today and why it matters.